The U.S. Departments of Health and Human Services, Labor, and the Treasury have issued final rules under the No Surprises Act, largely addressing the Independent Dispute Resolution process and downcoding.

As we previously reported, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas issued a ruling that certain Centers for Medicare & Medicaid

Economics 101 taught us that in a capitalist economy, prices are generally set by the market. This is also true, by and large, for healthcare services planned in advance – for providers in-network, insurers negotiate these rates. For providers out-of-network, healthcare consumers can agree to either pay the amount charged less the out-of-network reimbursement or